In a scenario of economic and political changes, Votorantim responds to the needs of Brazil, diversifying its portfolio and expanding its operations in the Southeast of the country. In the 1930s, the Nitro Química Brasileira Company was inaugurated in São Paulo; the Siderúrgica Barra Mansa, in Rio de Janeiro; and a large cement factory in the interior of São Paulo, the Santa Helena Cement Factory, which would bring to Brazil a brand still alive in the memory of the Brazilian: Cement Votoran.
All this in a context of global economic crisis after the fall of the New York Stock Exchange in 1929, causing the Brazilian economy to suffer a major shock in its main export product, coffee. As a result, there is a need to internally produce everything that we previously had an easy way of importing – one of the axes of the buoyancy of Brazilian industrialization in the 1930s.
In addition, the so-called Revolution of 1930 puts an end to the Old Republic, and puts Getulio Vargas in power.